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What is FTP – File Transfer Protocol

FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol, and it’s a standard network protocol used for transferring files between computers over the internet or a local network. FTP was originally developed in the 1970s and is still widely used today for transferring files, especially between web servers and clients.

Here’s how FTP works:

  1. Connect to the FTP server: To use FTP, you need to connect to an FTP server using an FTP client. An FTP client is a software program that allows you to connect to an FTP server and transfer files.

  2. Login: Once you have connected to the FTP server, you need to log in using a username and password.

  3. Transfer files: Once you’re logged in, you can transfer files to and from the FTP server. You can upload files from your computer to the FTP server, or download files from the FTP server to your computer.

  4. Disconnect: When you’re finished transferring files, you can disconnect from the FTP server.

FTP is a simple and efficient way to transfer large files, especially for websites. FTP is commonly used for uploading and downloading website files, such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript files, images, and videos.

FTP has several advantages, including:

  1. Easy to use: FTP is a simple and straightforward protocol that’s easy to use and understand.

  2. Efficient: FTP is designed to transfer files quickly and efficiently, making it a great choice for transferring large files.

  3. Secure: FTP can be secured using SSL or TLS encryption to protect the files being transferred.

However, FTP also has some disadvantages, including:

  1. Insecurity: FTP transfers are not encrypted by default, so they can be vulnerable to interception.

  2. No version control: FTP does not include version control features, so it can be difficult to keep track of changes to files over time.

In conclusion, FTP is a reliable and efficient way to transfer files over the internet or a local network. While it may not be the most secure or feature-rich option, it’s a simple and straightforward way to transfer files that’s still widely used today.

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