Nginx (pronounced “engine-x”) is a popular open-source web server and reverse proxy software that can be used to host websites and applications. It was first released in 2004 by Russian developer Igor Sysoev and has since become one of the most widely used web servers in the world, alongside Apache and Microsoft IIS.
Nginx is known for its speed, efficiency, and flexibility, and is often used to host high-traffic websites and applications. It uses an event-driven, asynchronous architecture that allows it to handle a large number of connections with minimal resource usage. This makes it well-suited for serving static content and handling requests for large media files or high volumes of small requests.
In addition to serving content, Nginx can also be used as a reverse proxy, which means it can sit in front of other web servers or applications and route incoming requests to the appropriate backend server. This can be useful for load balancing and caching, as well as for improving security by separating the web server from the application server.
Nginx is highly customizable and can be configured using a variety of plugins and modules. It includes support for common web server features, such as SSL/TLS encryption, virtual hosting, and URL rewriting, as well as more advanced features, such as caching, compression, and rate limiting.
Nginx can be used to host a variety of web applications and frameworks, including WordPress. In fact, many WordPress hosting providers use Nginx as part of their hosting stack, often in combination with other technologies such as PHP and MySQL.
Overall, Nginx is a powerful and flexible web server that is well-suited for high-traffic websites and applications. Its speed, efficiency, and ability to handle large volumes of traffic make it a popular choice for web developers and hosting providers.