8 CISSP security domains

Last updated December 5th, 2023 23:55

CISSP (Certified Information Systems Security Professional) is an internationally recognized certification program in the field of cybersecurity, managed by the organization (ISC). This certification confirms the expertise and knowledge of professionals working in the cybersecurity domain. The CISSP certification is divided into eight primary areas of knowledge, known as CISSP domains. These domains reflect various aspects of cybersecurity and encompass key skills and topics necessary for the successful protection of information systems. Let’s take a look at the 8 CISSP security domains, their purpose, and how they are categorized.

8 CISSP Security Domains:

  1. Security and Risk Management
  2. Asset Security
  3. Security Architecture and Engineering
  4. Communication and Network Security
  5. Identity and Access Management (IAM)
  6. Security Assessment and Testing
  7. Security Operations
  8. Software Development Security

Each of these domains focuses on a different aspect of cybersecurity. Professionals seeking the CISSP certification must have a deep understanding of all these areas This enables certified professionals to effectively address various security challenges they may encounter in their professional careers.

Let’s take a closer look at the first security domain: Security and Risk Management.

Security and Risk Management Domain: This domain focuses on security management, ethics, legal regulations, and stakeholder relationships.

Here’s a simple example illustrating the principles of this domain:

Imagine you are a security manager in a small company. You need to ensure that all security aspects of the organization are properly managed. Here are some fundamental principles you might use in your work:

Policies and Procedures: Create security policies and procedures for information protection, access rights, password management, etc. For example, mandate regular password changes for employees, and customer identity verification for sensitive data access.

Risk Management: Identify and assess risks associated with information security and create a plan to minimize them. For example, consider what threats might pose risks to your systems and what steps you will take to prevent those threats.

Legal Regulations: Monitor relevant legal regulations concerning the protection of personal data and information. Ensure that the organization complies with all mandatory laws and regulations and take measures to minimize the risk of violating these regulations.

Stakeholder Relationships: Maintain communication with other departments and external partners, such as service providers or auditors. Collaborate with them to improve security practices and keep them informed about significant changes or threats.

This is just a simple example illustrating some of the principles of “Security and Risk Management.” In practice, you would need to tailor these principles to the specific needs of your organization and adhere to the latest security standards and best practices.

How the 8 CISSP Security Domains Work in Practice:

Name of Character: Petra Nováková
Position: Cybersecurity Specialist
Company: ABC Corp

Petra Nováková works as a cybersecurity specialist at ABC Corp, a company that provides cloud services for small and medium-sized businesses. The company prides itself on the trust and security of its customers, making security and risk management its key focus.

Petra’s role involves creating a comprehensive security policy and procedures to ensure the highest level of protection for customers’ data and systems.

She started by analyzing the current state of security within the company and identified potential risks and weaknesses. She then met with various teams within the company to understand different aspects of their operations and identify sensitive data and systems.

Based on this information, Petra developed a security policy that established rules for data access, backup, encryption, and password management. She also designed guidelines for handling sensitive information and minimizing the risk of data breaches.

To ensure compliance with these rules, Petra organized training sessions for employees on cybersecurity threats, phishing, and proper data handling. She also implemented an internal incident reporting system for swift responses to potential security issues.

Thanks to her efforts, ABC Corp has become a reliable partner in the eyes of its customers, safeguarding their data and providing secure cloud services.

This story illustrates how a cybersecurity specialist like Petra Nováková works on the first domain – Security and Risk Management – by creating security policies, procedures, and employee training to ensure the security of data and systems within the enterprise.

Name of Character: Martin Novotný
Position: Security Manager
Company: GlobalTech Solutions

Martin Novotný works as a security manager at GlobalTech Solutions, a company specializing in the development and implementation of enterprise software solutions. The company has an international presence, and its products contain a lot of sensitive information related to various clients.

Martin’s role involves creating and managing an integrated security program that minimizes the risks of cyber attacks and ensures compliance with relevant security standards and regulations.

Martin started by collaborating with all departments within the company, such as developers, IT teams, HR, and management. He carefully listened to their concerns, needs, and expectations regarding security.

Based on these consultations, Martin developed a comprehensive security program that included policies, procedures, and guidelines tailored to individual departments and types of tasks.

Another important step was integrating risk assessment into the company’s daily processes. Martin implemented a system to monitor security incidents and successfully reduced the number of unauthorized access attempts and phishing attacks.

One of the key initiatives was implementing security training for all employees. Martin wanted to raise awareness of cyber threats and provide employees with knowledge on how to defend themselves.

Together with the management, Martin ensured that security measures complied with international standards and norms. As a result, the company gained the trust of its clients and improved its competitiveness in the market.

Thanks to Martin’s dedication and his ability to unite the efforts of different teams and departments, GlobalTech Solutions achieved excellent levels of security, contributing to the strengthening of its position in the field of cybersecurity.

2nd Security Domain: Asset Security

The second CISSP security domain is called “Asset Security.” This domain focuses on the protection of physical and information assets. 

Here’s a simple example illustrating the principles of this domain:

Asset Security involves ensuring the security and protection of all assets owned and operated by the organization. Assets can include both physical objects (e.g., buildings, equipment) and information and data (e.g., databases, sensitive documents).

Examples of asset security principles and specific measures from this domain may include:

Physical Protection: Ensuring physical security through measures such as locks, security cameras, access control, security personnel, etc. For example, installing a security system with cameras and access cards to restrict entry to important areas within the organization.

Device Security: Ensuring the security and protection of physical devices such as computers, servers, mobile devices, etc. An example of an activity you might perform is using secure locks on servers, encrypting data stored on mobile devices, or remotely wiping data in case of loss or theft.

Access Management: Controlling and managing employees’ or users’ access to information systems and sensitive data. For instance, assigning user accounts with appropriate permissions, using strong passwords, regularly reviewing access rights, etc.

Data Backup and Recovery: Ensuring the backup of critical data and systems and regularly testing their recovery. This minimizes the risk of data loss or operational disruption in case of a disaster. For example, automatic backup and storing backups on external devices or in the cloud.

Asset Disposal: Securely disposing of or destroying confidential information or technological devices that are no longer needed or outdated. This is essential to minimize the risk of data leakage or misuse. An example is using specialized services for secure hardware disposal or thoroughly wiping data from disks.

How the 8 CISSP Security Domains Work in Practice:

Name of Character: Lukáš Vlček
Position: Security Engineer
Company: XYZ Bank

Lukáš Vlček is a security engineer at XYZ Bank, one of the largest banks in the country. His task is to ensure that the bank is protected against cyber-attacks and that its customers can trust that their finances are safe.

Lukáš needs to design and implement security architecture and engineering measures that minimize the risk of sensitive banking information leakage while ensuring smooth bank operations.

He started by conducting a thorough audit of the bank’s existing security infrastructure. He identified potential weaknesses and security needs for banking applications and data. Based on this audit, he devised a plan to enhance the bank’s security architecture.

One of his key measures was the implementation of multi-factor authentication for all banking transactions. This meant that customers had to confirm their identity using more than one factor, such as passwords and biometric data.

Furthermore, Lukáš implemented an extensive monitoring system that tracked all bank operations and detected suspicious activities. This allowed for quick identification of unauthorized access attempts or suspicious transactions.

Additionally, Lukáš collaborated with the development team to introduce security testing of software to minimize the risk of software vulnerabilities that could be exploited for attacks.

Thanks to Lukáš’s efforts and ingenuity, XYZ Bank increased its security level and became an unbeatable player in the field of cybersecurity.

Name of Character: Kateřina Svobodová
Position: Database Security Analyst
Company: SecureSoft Corporation

Kateřina Svobodová is a database security analyst at SecureSoft Corporation. She specializes in safeguarding corporate secrets stored in databases. Her task is to design and implement security measures for protecting sensitive data and ensuring strict access control.

Kateřina collaborates with the database administration team. She gains a deeper understanding of the architecture and security of individual databases. Based on this knowledge, she proposes and implements database security measures.

She introduces a strict access control policy for employees’ permissions. Each employee has access only to the databases and information required for their job. Another step is implementing data encryption in the databases to protect sensitive data in case of security breaches.

Kateřina also conducts regular backups and recovery tests. This ensures data availability even in the event of catastrophic incidents. Additionally, she collaborates with the development team to introduce security practices for new applications and changes in databases.

This minimizes the risk of software vulnerabilities that could compromise data security. Thanks to Kateřina’s efforts and her team, SecureSoft Corporation achieves an excellent level of database security. This earns the trust of clients who know that their corporate secrets are in safe hands.

3rd Security Domain: Security Architecture and Engineering

This domain focuses on the design and implementation of security infrastructure and systems. 

Here’s a simple example illustrating the principles of this domain:

Security Architecture and Engineering involves designing and implementing security measures and technologies that ensure the protection of information systems. Here are some principles and examples for better understanding of this domain:

Network Security Design: Planning and implementing a secure network architecture. This includes configuring firewalls, managing access controls, network zoning, and monitoring network traffic. An example could be creating separate networks for different segments of the organization (internal network, DMZ, public network) with appropriate firewall rules.

Data Encryption: Implementing encryption to protect sensitive data in transit and stored on systems. This involves using HTTPS protocols for web communication, encrypting data files, or encrypting entire disks on devices. An example could be encrypting email messages during transmission over a public network.

Identity and Access Management: Implementing mechanisms for managing and controlling user access to information systems and data. This includes using Single Sign-On, identity management, authorization, and permissions management. An example could be centralized management of user accounts with defined permissions for different roles and groups.

Security Testing: Conducting security audits, vulnerability testing, and penetration testing on systems and applications. Here, you identify weak points and vulnerabilities that attackers could exploit. As an example, consider an external penetration test on a web application where you try to identify possible vulnerabilities and weaknesses.

Security Event and Incident Management: Implementing a system for collecting, analyzing, and responding to security events and incidents. This involves monitoring logs, detecting suspicious activities, responding to incidents, and managing their consequences. An example could be using SIEM (Security Information and Event Management) tools for centralized log collection and analysis from various systems.

How the 8 CISSP security domains work in practice:

Name of the character: Tomáš Novák
Position: Security Architect
Company: CyberShield Technologies

Tomáš Novák is a security architect at CyberShield Technologies, a company that provides security solutions and consulting services for businesses and organizations worldwide. His role is to design and implement security architecture for customers’ networks and systems to minimize the risks of cyber attacks.

Task for Tomáš: Create a security architecture for a new corporate network of one of the customers, ensuring protection against various threats, including the latest types of attacks.

Tomáš began his task by conducting a thorough survey of the customer’s corporate network. He listened to their needs and goals and consulted with the IT team to gain a deeper understanding of the network and systems architecture.

Based on this knowledge, Tomáš developed a detailed security architecture proposal. It included network segmentation into distinct zones, minimizing the potential scope of an attack. Additionally, he proposed a range of security elements, such as firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDPS), encrypted communication, and security operation procedures.

Tomáš collaborated with the team of engineers to implement the proposed security elements. During the implementation process, vulnerabilities in some systems were discovered and promptly addressed by his team.

Throughout the implementation, Tomáš also conducted training sessions for employees to familiarize them with the new security architecture and the proper procedures for handling potential threats.

Upon project completion, the company achieved an excellent level of network security. Tomáš’ security architecture withstood various attacks and increased the security awareness among employees. This brought recognition to CyberShield Technologies from the customer and established Tomáš as a significant hero in the fight against cyber threats.

Name of the character: Eva Procházková
Position: Cyber Analyst
Company: SecureTech Investigation

Eva Procházková works as a cyber analyst at SecureTech Investigation, a company specializing in investigating cyber attacks and identifying new threats for its clients. Her task is to uncover and understand unknown cyber threats and propose security measures to ensure protection against future attacks.

Task for Eva: Investigate a series of recent attacks on a client’s network and uncover a new type of threat that has not been previously known.

Eva began her work by analyzing records of cyber incidents and captured network traffic of the client. After thorough examination, she identified unusual patterns that could indicate a new type of attack.

She consulted with her colleagues in the Security Architecture and Engineering team to share her findings and gain additional perspectives on potential threats. Together, they devised a strategy to detect and mitigate the unknown attack.

Eva delved into deeper data analysis and conducted simulations of possible attack scenarios. During this process, she identified a new type of malware that was encoded at a level not previously seen.

With the assistance of the Security Engineering team, she proposed specific security measures that helped stop the spread of the malware and minimized its impact on the client’s network. This included updating firewalls and intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDPS) as well as adjusting access management policy settings.

Furthermore, Eva collaborated with the Security Awareness team to inform the client’s employees about the new threat and provided training on attack prevention.

Thanks to Eva and her team’s efforts, the client was able to respond promptly to the new threat and minimize damages. Her work as a cyber analyst significantly contributed to the network’s security and prevented further unknown attacks.

Security Domain 4: Communication and Network Security

This domain deals with the protection and securing of communication channels and networks against various threats and attacks. Its goal is to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information transmitted through networks.

Here’s a simple example illustrating the principles of this domain:

Encryption: One of the main tools in communication and network security is encryption. Encryption is used to encode data in a way that makes it unreadable to unauthorized individuals. An example of this is encrypting email messages, where the message contents are encoded and only deciphered by the intended recipient.

Firewall: A firewall is a security device that controls and filters communication between networks and/or between users and the network. Its purpose is to block unauthorized access and protect the network from malicious traffic, such as hacking attempts or malware.

VPN (Virtual Private Network): A VPN allows for the creation of a secure and encrypted connection between two points over a public network, such as the internet. This ensures secure communication and data transfer between these points. An example of this is remote access to a company’s network through a VPN, which allows employees to work from home and access critical information securely.

Security Protocols: Communication and network security also involve the use of security protocols, such as HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure), which provides a secure connection when browsing websites. HTTPS uses encryption and authentication to protect data transmitted between the web browser and the server.

Security Audit: A part of communication and network security is conducting security audits, which serve to assess and evaluate security measures and processes within the network. A security audit can reveal potential weaknesses and deficiencies in communication and network security that need to be addressed and secured.

How the 8 CISSP Security Domains Work in Practice:

Name of the character: Jakub Marek
Position: Network Security Engineer
Company: TechGuard Solutions

Jakub Marek works as a network security engineer at TechGuard Solutions, a company specializing in providing comprehensive network security solutions for enterprise customers. Jakub’s role focuses on safeguarding data flows and ensuring secure communication between various network elements.

Task for Jakub: Design and implement security mechanisms that will protect data transmitted over networks from unauthorized access while maintaining integrity and confidentiality.

Jakub began by conducting a thorough analysis of the customer’s network, identifying sensitive data and critical communication flows. He carefully reviewed the configurations of network devices such as routers, switches, and firewalls. He identified potential security weaknesses and proposed appropriate solutions.

One of his key measures was implementing data flow encryption between critical network elements. He used VPN (Virtual Private Network) protocols to secure communication between remote company branches.

Jakub also implemented access control rules and policies to minimize the risk of unauthorized access to sensitive data. He employed technologies such as Network Access Control (NAC) and two-factor authentication to enhance security and user control.

An essential aspect of his work was ensuring that the network infrastructure is regularly monitored and updated. He conducted regular security audits and penetration tests to identify possible vulnerabilities and secure them before they became susceptible to potential attacks.

Thanks to Jakub’s efforts, the customer’s network became much more resilient against cyber threats, and data was protected during transmission between network elements. TechGuard Solutions received recognition from their client for their outstanding work in ensuring communication and network security.

Security Domain 5: Identity and Access Management

This domain focuses on managing user identities and their access to information and systems within an organization. The goal is to ensure that only authorized users have access to relevant resources and that their identities are properly managed.

Here’s a simple example illustrating the principles of this domain:

Identification: For identity management, it is essential for each user to have a unique identification within the system. This can be achieved through usernames, identification numbers, email addresses, etc. Identification serves to uniquely distinguish individual users in the system.

Authentication: Authentication is used to verify that the user is indeed who they claim to be. It usually involves a combination of factors such as passwords, biometrics (fingerprint recognition, facial recognition, etc.), or tokens. Authentication ensures that only authorized users have access to the system or information.

Authorization: Authorization involves granting access rights to users based on their roles, responsibilities, and permissions. System administrators define rules and restrictions for access to different resources and data within the organization. For example, a network administrator may have the right to access and modify network settings, while an ordinary employee may not have these rights.

Access Rights Management: This part includes managing user access rights. It means managing user accounts, their roles, access rights, and potentially changes in these rights over time. Access rights management allows the organization to maintain current and secure access rights settings for individual users.

Single Sign-On (SSO): Single Sign-On is a technology that allows users to log in only once using a single set of credentials (e.g., passwords or tokens) and then gain access to various systems and applications without having to re-enter login credentials repeatedly. This simplifies the user experience while increasing security, as users don’t have to use the same passwords for different systems.

How the 8 CISSP Security Domains Work in Practice:

Name of the character: Karolína Nováková
Position: Identity and Access Management Specialist
Company: CyberGuardian Services

Karolína Nováková works as an Identity and Access Management (IAM) specialist at CyberGuardian Services, a company focused on providing cybersecurity services for various organizations. Her task is to ensure that the identity and access of employees and users are consistently and securely managed, and to minimize the risk of unauthorized access to sensitive information.

Task for Karolína: Design and implement a robust identity and access management system that minimizes the risk of data breaches and secures sensitive information within the company.

Karolína started by conducting a comprehensive analysis of the existing identity and access management processes within the company. She identified weaknesses and risks that could jeopardize the security and privacy of the organization.

Subsequently, she proposed and implemented an IAM strategy that included centralized identity management, single sign-on (SSO), role-based access control (RBAC), and regular review of permissions and removal of inactive accounts.

Karolína also introduced a multi-factor authentication system to enhance security and prevent unauthorized access even in case of password compromise.

With her team, she conducted regular training for employees to increase awareness of security practices and the importance of handling access credentials properly.

Thanks to Karolína’s efforts and the implementation of the IAM security system, CyberGuardian Services was able to effectively manage identity and access and secure sensitive information from unauthorized access. Her work contributed to strengthening the organization’s cybersecurity and protecting sensitive data.

6th Security Domain: Security Assessment and Testing

This domain focuses on the processes and methods of assessing and testing the security of information systems to identify weaknesses and vulnerabilities and ensure their proper protection. It is essential to regularly conduct tests and assessments to minimize risks and protect the organization’s information.

Here’s a simple example illustrating the principles of this domain:

Vulnerability Assessment: Vulnerability assessment is used to identify weak points and vulnerabilities in information systems. This may involve scanning networks, applications, or systems to detect potential vulnerabilities and misconfigurations. For example, using vulnerability scanners to explore the network and find inadequately secured entry points.

Penetration Testing: Penetration testing is a process where an ethical hacker (known as a “penetration tester”) simulates an attack on an information system to discover its weaknesses. This examines whether the system is sensitive to various types of attacks and how an attacker could infiltrate the system. For example, a penetration test of a web application simulates an external attack to determine if the application is susceptible to unauthorized access or exploitation.

Third-Party Security Assessment: Third-party security assessment focuses on evaluating the security of external service providers or vendors who have access to confidential information or organization’s systems. The goal is to ensure that third parties adhere to adequate security measures and do not pose a risk to the organization.

Incident Response Testing: Incident response testing is conducted to verify the organization’s preparedness in managing and responding to security incidents. This involves simulating various types of incidents, such as data breaches, hacker attacks, or internal misuse, and evaluating how quickly and effectively the organization responds to these situations.

Compliance Assessment: Compliance assessment focuses on verifying whether the organization complies with relevant security standards, norms, and regulations. This may include checking compliance with GDPR or ISO/IEC 27001 regulations. The assessment evaluates whether the organization implements necessary measures and processes in accordance with the given standards.

How the 8 CISSP security domains work in practice:

Name of the character: Petr Verner
Position: Cybersecurity Analyst
Company: SecureTech Solutions

Petr Verner works as a cybersecurity analyst at SecureTech Solutions, a company specialized in providing security services and consultations to organizations worldwide. His task is to conduct security assessments and testing to identify potential weaknesses in customers’ security infrastructure.

Task for Petr: Perform a penetration test on one of the client’s networks and uncover possible weak points that could be exploited by attackers.

Petr began his task by conducting a detailed analysis of the client’s network and infrastructure, identifying various attack vectors and potential pathways through which an attacker could infiltrate the network.

Next came the phase of penetration testing, during which Petr simulated real cyberattacks on the client’s network. The goal was to reveal weak points such as vulnerable systems, outdated software, misconfigured firewalls, or inadequately secured access points to WiFi networks.

During the testing, Petr identified several critical vulnerabilities that could jeopardize the security of the client’s network and data. The SecureTech Solutions security team promptly informed the client about the test results and proposed specific measures and fixes that needed to be implemented.

Petr and his team then collaborated with the client’s team to address the vulnerabilities and implement additional security measures, such as regular updates and employee training.

Thanks to Petr’s efforts, the client managed to strengthen their security measures and minimize the risk of successful attacks. Cyber Detective Petr Verner became a key player in protecting the client’s networks from threats, and his work brought greater trust and recognition to SecureTech Solutions from their clients.

Domain 7: Security Operations

This domain focuses on the implementation and management of security measures and activities aimed at monitoring, detecting, responding to, and controlling security events and incidents within an organization. The goal is to ensure that security threats are correctly identified, analyzed, and addressed in a timely manner.

Here’s a simple example illustrating the principles of this domain:

Security Monitoring: Security monitoring involves the tracking and analysis of security events and activities within an information system. This may include collecting and analyzing logs, conducting security audits, monitoring network traffic, and other security indicators. The objective is to detect suspicious activities and threats and take appropriate actions.

Incident Detection and Response: Security operations also encompass the detection and response to security incidents. This includes identifying and analyzing unusual or suspicious activities, discovering vulnerabilities and securing systems, and responding to incidents to minimize their impact and ensure the security of the organization’s network and systems.

Threat Management: Threat management involves identifying, analyzing, and assessing potential threats and risks to the organization. This includes gathering information about threats and security trends, monitoring known threats, evaluating their impact on the organization, and taking measures for prevention and protection.

Incident Response: Incident response pertains to the rapid and effective reaction to serious security incidents and disasters. This includes preparing incident response plans, training and exercising responses to such situations, and coordinating incident procedures to minimize damage and expedite the recovery of the organization’s services and systems.

Security Event Management: Security event management includes the collection, analysis, and control of information about security events within the organization. This ensures that incidents and events are appropriately documented, tracked, and addressed. Security event management provides valuable information for improving security measures and preventing future threats.

How the 8 CISSP security domains work in practice:

Character Name: Lucie Novotná
Position: Cybersecurity Crisis Manager
Company: CyberDefend Corporation

Lucie Novotná is a cybersecurity crisis manager at CyberDefend Corporation, a company specializing in providing cybersecurity services to large enterprises and organizations. Her task is to oversee and coordinate the response to cyber attacks, quickly identify and neutralize threats, and minimize the impact on organizations.

Task for Lucie: Leading a team responding to a cyber attack on one of the company’s major clients.

Lucie received an alert that one of their key clients is the target of a sophisticated cyber attack. Her team immediately initiated the incident response and formed a crisis team composed of cybersecurity experts, security analysts, lawyers, and representatives from the organization’s management.

First, Lucie and her team focused on analyzing the attack and determining its scope. They collected evidence, monitored network traffic, and collaborated with the Security Assessment and Testing team to identify how the attack was happening and what its objectives were.

Based on the analysis, it was found that the attack aimed to steal sensitive data and posed a threat to the client’s critical systems’ operations. Lucie coordinated an immediate response to this attack. The team isolated the affected systems and performed necessary repairs. An emergency backup network was activated to minimize the impact on the business operations.

Simultaneously, she informed the client’s management and provided regular updates on the progress of the attack response. She collaborated with the Identity and Access Management team to restore access rights and ensure that only authorized employees had access to critical systems.

In the following days, Lucie and her team monitored the client’s network and conducted threat analysis to ensure that the attack was successfully repelled and that all possible security restoration measures were exhausted.

Domain 8: Software Development Security

This domain focuses on security aspects and practices during software development. The goal is to ensure that software applications are designed, developed, and deployed with consideration for security requirements and protection against various threats and vulnerabilities.

Here’s a simple example illustrating the principles of this domain:

Security Requirements: Security requirements are defined early in the software development process. This includes identifying security requirements and scenarios for the software application. For example, securing user login, protecting data, or restricting access to sensitive features.

Secure Software Design: Secure software design focuses on incorporating security measures during the design phase. This includes identifying vulnerabilities and potential risks in the software architecture and design and addressing them. For example, using security layers or limiting access to sensitive data.

Security Testing: Security testing is a crucial part of software development. This includes conducting tests and audits to uncover vulnerabilities and flaws in the software application. Security testing may involve penetration testing, vulnerability testing, code analysis, or testing security against attacks.

Vulnerability Management: Vulnerability management involves monitoring, managing, and mitigating vulnerabilities in the software application. This includes monitoring security updates and patches, deploying fixes, and regularly updating software to minimize the risk of vulnerability exploitation.

Training and Security Awareness: Training and security awareness are essential for developers and other members of the software development team. Providing training on secure programming and best practices helps increase security awareness and ensures that the team is capable of adopting and implementing the best security practices during software development.

How the 8 CISSP security domains work in practice:

Character Name: Martin Kovář
Position: Software Security Architect
Company: SecureSoft Solutions

Martin Kovář is a software security architect at SecureSoft Solutions, specializing in developing enterprise applications and solutions. His main task is to ensure secure software development, minimizing vulnerabilities and errors in the code.

Task for Martin: Collaborate with the development team to implement security measures in the new software for a client.

Martin starts by understanding the client’s security requirements. He designs the software architecture with a strong focus on security and data protection.

Key measures include secure handling of input data to prevent attacks like SQL injection and Cross-Site Scripting. Inputs are thoroughly validated and sanitized.

Martin also implements encryption for sensitive data, safeguarding critical points like databases and file systems. He collaborates with the Security and Risk Management team to choose robust cryptographic algorithms.

User access rights to various functions are managed using Role-Based Access Control and the Principle of Least Privilege, ensuring necessary access levels for each user.

Throughout development, regular security checks and testing are conducted to ensure the effectiveness and resilience of the software against different attack types.

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